Determination of the Residue Levels of Some Commonly Used Organophosphorus Pesticides in Breast Milk

Günferah Şahin, Ersin Uskun, Recep Ay, Tufan Nayir
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Abstract


Objectives: There is limited data on levels of organophosphorus pesticides (OPPs) in humans, but no previous reports from Turkey on chemically determined levels of OPP residues in human milk are present. The aim of this study is to determinate and to report the presence of residues of OPPs, which are frequently used in fruit production in the study area (chlorpyrifos, diazinon, ethion, parathion methyl and dichlorvos) in breast milk.

Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, breast milk samples were collected from 100 women living in intense fruit production area (agricultural area, n:50), and resided in provincial center (urban area, n:50), selected by random sampling method. High resolution analyses were performed by a gas chromatography (GC).

Results: Dichlorvos residue was detected in breast milk of 17% of study group. The rate of pesticide residue detection was especially high in breast milk of women with a farmer spouse; always/frequently applying pesticides to the plants, actively working in agriculture pesticide preparation and pesticide application (p<0.05). 

Conclusion: Pesticide residues were detected in breast milk and this showed the necessity of raising consciousness among women living in the study area and near areas of pesticide application about avoiding exposure to pesticides, especially during pregnancy and breast feeding periods. 


Keywords


Pesticide residues, breast milk, organophosphorus

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