AVRUPA SAVUNMA TOPLULUĞU'NUN REDDİ ÜZERİNE BİR ANALİZ

Armağan Gözkaman
3.153 939

Öz


Özet

Avrupa Savunma Topluluğu'nun doğuşu, Pleven Planı ile başlayarak Avrupa Savunma Topluluğu'nu

Kuran Antlaşma ile sona eren bir süreci kapsar. AST, 1950'lerin başlarında önemli sorunlara çözüm

getiren bir yapılanma olarak görülmüş ve hem Amerika Birleşik Devletleri (ABD) hem de Batı Avrupa

devletleri tarafından desteklenmiştir. Ancak, Fransa için sorun teşkil eden yanları da bulunduğu için

Fransız Parlamentsu tarafından reddedilmiştir. Bu sebepler incelendiğinde, üç temel dinamik ile

açıklanabilmekte oldukları görülmektedir: Projenin 'prematüre' olması, önemli kararların büyük

kazanımlar söz konusu olmadıkça veril(e)memesi ve siyasal statünün karar alma mekanizması üzerindeki

etkisi.

Anahtar kelimeler: Avrupa Savunma Topluluğu, Avrupa güvenliği, Avrupa

bütünleşmesi, Fransa, Almanya.

Abstract:

The emergence of the European Defence Community covers a process that starts with the Pleven Plan

and ends with the Treaty Constituting the European Defence Community (EDC). The EDC, at the

beginning of 1950s, was considered an organization able to bring solutions to major problems and was

suppored both by the U.S. and Western Europe. However, because it posed problems for France, it was

rejected by the French Parliament. When the reasons of French rejection are examined, three fundamental

dynamics can be observed: The project was 'premature'; important decisions cannot be taken unless

significant gains are at stake; political status has an impact upon the decision-making process.

Keywords:

European Defence Community, European security, European Community, France,

Germany.


Tam metin:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18221/bujss.30295

Referanslar


BARIETY, Jacques (1993), "La Décision de Réarmer l'Allemagne, l'Echec de la Communauté

Européenne de Défense et les Accords de Paris du 23 Octobre 1954 Vus du Côté Français", Revue

Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire, Tome 71, Fasc. 2, pp. 354-383.

BITSCH, Marie Thérèse (2006), Histoire de la Construction Européenne, Editions Complexe,

Bruxelles.

CHALIGNE, Nicolas (2013), "1947-1957: Le Dilemme du Réarmement de l'Allemagne de l'Ouest",

Revue Défense Nationale, No. 762, pp. 27 - 32.

CLERMONT-TONNERRE, Thierry (1954), "L'Armée Europeénne. Une Analyse sans Passion",

Politique Etrangère, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 169-194.

CRESSWELL, Michael (2006), A Question of Balance: How France and the United States Created

Cold War Europe, Harvard University Press, USA.

de AREILZA José M. (2009), "The History and Foundations of European Union". ARVANITOPOULOS

Constantine, Reforming Europe: The Role of the Centre-Right, The Constantinos Karamanlis

Institute for Democracy Series on European and International Affairs, pp. 9-21.

DIETL, Ralph (2002), "'Une Déception Amoureuse'? Great Britain, the Continent and European

Nuclear Cooperation", Cold War History, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 29-66.

Ecole Nationale d'Administration (1950), "Draft Memo from Jean Monnet to the President of the

Council", 20 Octobre, http://www.ena.lu/obj/lettre/en/txt01691.xml (Erişim tarihi: 22 Aralık 2013).

GAVIN, Victor (2010), "Were the Interests Really Parallel? The United States, Western Europe and the

Early Years of the European Integration Project", Journal of Transatlantic Studies, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp.

-43.

GILBERT, Mark (2003), Surpassing Realism: The Politics of Euroepan Integration since 1945,

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, New York, 2003.

GILDEA, Robert (2002), France since 1945, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

GOORMAGHTIGH, John (1954), "France and the European Defence Community", International

Journal, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 96-106.

MAURY Jean-Pierre (1996), La Construction Européenne: La Sécurité et la Défense, Presses

Universitaires de France, Paris.

MEARSHEIMER John J. (1981/82), "Maneuver, Mobile Defense, and the NATO Central Front",

International Security, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 104-122.

MORIN Gilles (2009), "Les Oppositions Socialistes à la CED: Les Acteurs du Débat", Les Cahiers

Irice, Vol. 2, No. 4, http://irice.univ-paris1.fr/spip.php?article517# (Erişim tarihi: 3 Aralık 2013).

NICOT Anne-Laure (2010), "La CED, Réponse à l'Insécurité Internationale ou Facteur d'Insécurité,

-1955", JEANCLOS Yves (ed.), Crises et Crispations Internationales à l'Ere du Terrorisme, au

XXIe Siècle, Bruylant, Bruxelles.

RUANE, Kevin (2002), "Agonizing Reappraisals: Anthony Eden, John Foster Dulles and the Crisis of

European Defence, 1953-1954", Diplomacy & Statecraft, Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 151-185.

SEGELL Glenn (1998), The Role of Military-Industrial Relations in Civil-Military Relations and

Foreign Policy, Glenn Segell, United Kingdom.

Universiteit Leiden, "European Union History. 1945-1958", http://www.hum.leiden.edu/history/eu-history/

historical/1945-1958.html. (Erişim tarihi: 4 Aralık 2013).

US Senate (1952). "Convention on Relations with the Federal Republic of Germany and a Protocol to

the North Atlantic Treaty. Message from the President of the United States Transmitting the Convention

on Relations between the Three Powers and the Federal Republic of Germany, Signed at Bonn on

May 26, 1952 and a Protocol to the North Atlantic Treaty Signed at Paris on May 27, 1952", 82nd

Congress, 2nd Session, United States Government Printing Office, Washington.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.