Karadeniz Konteyner Terminallerinin Göreceli Etkinlik Analizi

Alpaslan ATEŞ, Soner ESMER, Erkan ÇAKIR, Kenan BALCI
2.320 827

Öz


Dünyada yük taşımacılığı en fazla denizyolu ile yapılmaktadır.Denizyolu taşımacılığı içerisinde konteyner taşımacılığının oranı sürekli artışgöstermektedir. Diğer denizyolu taşımacılık sistemlerinde olduğu gibi konteynertaşımacılığında da limanlar arasında yoğun bir rekabet vardır. Bu nedenlelimanların bu yoğun rekabet ortamında faaliyet gösterebilmeleri için, yapılanişin doğası gereği sadece ulusal değil uluslararası standartlarda işyapabilmeleri ve uluslararası geçerliliği olan performans göstergelerine sahipolmaları gereklidir.Bu çalışmada; Karadeniz çevresinde konteyner taşımacılığına hizmetveren ve TRACECA programı çerçevesinde Karadeniz’de faaliyet gösteren 5ülke (Türkiye, Gürcistan, Ukrayna, BulgaristanveRomanya) ve program dışındabulunan Rusya’ya ait toplam 9 konteyner terminali (Novorossisk, Odesa, Varna,Burgaz, Batum, Poti, Ilyichevsk, Köstenceve Trabzon) 2011 yıl görecelietkinlikleri parametrik olmayan Veri Zarflama Analizi (VZA) uygulaması ilebelirlenmiştir. VZA sonuçlarına göre, incelenen terminaller içerisinde Poti veNovorossisk konteyner terminali göreceli etkin durumdadır. Diğer yandan, endüşük göreceli etkinliğe sahip olan terminal ise Burgaz konteyner terminalidir.

Anahtar kelimeler


Karadeniz, konteyner terminal, veri zarflamaanalizi

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Referanslar


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