Energy integration on a gasoline engine for efficiency improvement

Zlatina Dimitrova, François Maréchal
1.413 275


The internal combustion engines are the most applied energy converters in the passenger cars. In order to increase their efficiency, energy integration techniques are used to recover the waste heat. An adapted methodology is required to design the ORC as a waste heat recovery technology and to test the influence of the external temperature on its efficiency. The idea is to clusterize the external temperature profile on typical external temperature multi-periods. The energy system design is then tested on these typical multi-periods.
In this article the methodology is applied on a vehicle with a small gasoline engine, in order to define the energy integrated configuration of the vehicle and to estimate the cost of the additional equipment. The performances indicators of the energy integration technology of the internal combustion engine is done and discussed, according to the multi-periods. The energy recovery potential of a single stage Organic Rankine Cycle for a small gasoline engine is assessed for different temperature profiles. The Organic Rankine Cycle equipment is simultaneously pre- sized and its cost is estimated. The highest powertrain efficiency improvement due to the waste heat recovery for a small gasoline engine is estimated to 7%.


Energy integration, engine efficiency, multi-periods, Rankine cycle

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