An Analysis of the Profile of Resilient Students based on PISA 2012

İlker KALENDER
2.548 800

Öz


Bu çalışmada düşük sosyoekonomik düzeye sahip olan üstün başarılı öğrencilerin profili, düşük başarılı/düşük sosyo-ekonomik düzeye sahip öğrenciler ile karşılaştırmalı olarak ortaya konulmaya çalışılmıştır. Bu amaçla bu iki öğrenci grubu arasındaki okuma becerisi farklılıklarını açıklayabileceği düşünülen ve PISA 2012 öğrenci anketlerinden seçilen okul ve öğretmen ile ilgili faktörler incelenmiştir. Toplam 5 boyuttan 28 madde analizlere dahil edilmiştir. Bu boyutlar ve madde sayıları: Öğrenci-Öğretmen İlişkileri (5 madde), Aidiyet Duygusu (9 madde), Okulda Öğrenmeye Karşı Tutum (4 madde), Okula Karşı Tutum (4 madde) ve Algılanan Denetim’tir (6 madde). Binary lojistik regresyon yöntemi ile başarı farklılıklarını açıklayan anlamlı değişkenler tespit edilmiştir. Ardından üstün başarılı öğrenciler için bir profil tanımlanmıştır. Sonuçlar sosyoekonomik yoksunluk çeken üstün başarılı öğrencilerin düşük başarılı öğrenciler ile karşılaştırıldıklarında okul ve öğretmene karşı olumlu tutumlara sahip olduğunu göstermiştir. Çalışmadan elde edilen bulguların düşük sosyoekonomik ortamdan gelen üstün başarılı öğrenci oranının artırılmasına yardımcı olacağı düşünülmektedir

Anahtar kelimeler


dezavantajli üstün başarılı öğrenciler, profil tanımlama, okuma becerisi, PISA 2012

Tam metin:

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21031/epod.16925

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