A Comparative Study of Engine Performance and Exhaust Emissions of Biodiesel and Its Blends Produced from Waste Cooking Oil and Neutralized Waste Cooking Oil

Tanzer Eryılmaz, Ali Koray Özgün
252 103

Abstract


In this present study, the neutralization process was applied in waste cooking oil (WCO), and neutralized waste cooking oil (NWCO) was derived and the physical properties of WCO and NWCO were designated. Waste cooking oil biodiesel (WCOB) and neutralized waste cooking oil biodiesel (NWCOB) were produced from these oils by using the transesterification method. The acquired biodiesels were blended with Euro Diesel (ED) volumetrically in the rates of 20% and 2% and fuels in the forms of B20 (20%WCOB+80% ED), B2 (2%WCOB+98% ED), B20N (20% NWCOB+80% ED) and B2N (2% NWCOB+98% ED) were derived and the properties of all of these fuels were designated. The derived fuels were tested in a single cylinder diesel engine and compared with ED and their torques, powers, specific fuel consumptions, CO, CO2, HC, NO and smoke intensities were investigated. In conclusion, by comparing the engine performance of NWCOB and WCOB, it was found that the maximum torque, maximum power and minimum specific fuel consumption values increased in the rates of 1.81, 2.64 and 6.47%, respectively. By comparing their exhaust emissions, it was found that the biodiesel fuels were more environmental friendly in comparison to the diesel fuels and their CO, HC and smoke intensity were lower, and their NO and CO2 emissions were somewhat higher. When the neutralization process was applied to WCO, its emission values improved and this illustrated that NWCOB was more environmental friendly in comparison to WCOB.

Keywords


Biodiesel, Waste cooking oil, Transesterification, Neutralization, Fuel properties.

Full Text:

PDF


References


Yaşar, B.,Cost of biodiesel production in Turkey and problems. VII. National Clean Energy Symposium, UTES’2008, İstanbul, Turkey,197-204 (2008)

Behcet, R., Aydin, S. and Cakmak, A., Using As Fuel For A Single Cylindir Diesel Engine Of Biodiesels Produced From Vegetable and Animal Waste Oils, dir Univ. J. Inst. Sci. &Tech. 2(4): 55-62 (2012)

Savci, S.,Eryilmaz, T., Yesilyurt, M.K.,The effects of biodiesel on the environment. Journal of Selcuk University Natural and Applied Science, ICOEST Special Issue Part 2:635-646(2014).

Şahin,S.,Investigation Of TheEffect Of Linseed Oil Biodiesel And Diesel Fuel Mixtures On Engine Performance And Exhaust.The Graduate School Of Natural And Applied Science Of Selcuk University The Degree Of Master Of Science In Agricultural Machinery, Konya, Turkey, 63pp (2013)

Lapuerta M, Armas O, Rodríguez-Fernández J., “Effects of biodiesel fuels on diesel engine emissions”, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci, 34:198–223 (2008)

Celikten, İ., Gürü, M., Improvement Of Performance And Emission Criterias Of Petrodiesel And Rapeseed Oil Biodiesel With Manganese Based Additive, Journal of The Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, 26, 3, 643-648 (2011)

Yilmaz, E., Solmaz, H., Polat, S., Altin M., Effect Of The Three-Phase Diesel Emulsion Fuels On Engine Performance And Exhaust Emissions, Journal of theFaculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University 28 (1), 127–134 (2013)

Chiaramonti, D.,Prussi, M., Buffi, M., Tacconi, D., “Sustainable biokerosene: Process routes and industrial demonstration activities in aviation biofuels”, Applied Energy, 136, 767–774 (2014)

Ulusoy, Y., Tekin, Y., Cetinkaya, M., Karaosmanoglu, F., The Engine Tests Of Biodiesel From Used Frying Oil, Energy Sources, 26:927-932 (2004)

Keskin,A.,Eksi, KA., The effect of using corn oil biodiesel on performance and emissions of diesel engine, C.B.U., Journal of Science s, 49 -55 (2006)

Behcet, R. Aydin, S. İlkilic, C. Aydin, H. Cakmak, A. V.,Investigation of The Effect on Engine Performance and Exhaust of EmissionWaste Frying Oil Methyl Ester in a Diesel Engine, The sixth International Advanced Technologies Symposium, Firat University in Elaziğ, Turkey (2011)

Karadirek, E., Demircan, N., Yalcindag, S., Biodiesel and Environment, Proceedings of the Energy Plants and Green Fuels Symposium, Izmir, Turkey :159-166 (2006)

Yilmaz, E., Aksoy, L., Aksoy, F., Şahin, F., Uyumaz, A., “Experimental Investigation of The Effects of Biodiesel From Neutralized Waste Cooking Oil on Combustion, Performance and Emission”, Electronic Journal of Machine Technologies,13(4) 53-64 (2016)

Eryilmaz, T., Ögüt, H., Oguz, H., Bacak, S., Investigation Of The Performance And Emission Values Of Non-StandardFuels At Diesel Engines, Journal Of Agricultural Machinery Science, 6(1), 45-53 (2010)

Eryilmaz, T., & Yesilyurt, M. K., Comparative analysis of fuel properties of biodiesels derived from sunflower oil, waste sunflower oil and neutralized waste sunflower oil. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 24(10), 3197-3204 (2015).

Eryilmaz, T., Ögüt, H. The Effect of the Different Mustard Oil Biodiesel Blending Ratios on Diesel Engines Performance. Energy Education Science and Technology Part A: Energy Science and Research Volume (Issue) 28(1): 169-180 (2011).




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ISSN: 2146-9067