Usage opportunities of generating digital elevation model with unmanned aerial vehicles on forestry

Mustafa Akgül, Hüseyin Yurtseven, Murat Demir, Abdullah Emin Akay, Sercan Gülci, Tolga Öztürk
2.778 4.163

Abstract


İnsansız hava araçları ile yüksek hassasiyette sayısal yükseklik modeli üretimi ve ormancılıkta kullanım olanakları

Özet: İnsansız Hava Araçları (İHA), aerodinamik uçuş prensiplerine göre aralıksız olarak otomatik ya da yarı otomatik uçabilme özelliğine sahip içerisinde uçuş ekibi (pilot) olmadan hareket eden araçlardır. Çalışma kapsamında İ.Ü.Eğitim Araştırma ve Uygulama Ormanı araştırma alanı olarak belirlenmiş olup, sayısal yükseklik modeli (SYM) verilerinin üretilmesi ve yüksek hassasiyette görüntü alımında uçabilen taşıyıcı platform olarak Trimble UX5 marka yeni nesil autonom İHA ve tümleşik yer kontrol sistemleri kullanılmıştır. Elde edilen görüntü verileri, Trimble Business Center (TBC) v3.1 fotogrametri yazılımı kullanılarak değerlendirilmiştir. Bu çalışma kapsamında, İHA ile uçuş yüksekliğine bağlı olarak 2,4 cm ile 24 cm arasında görüntü çözünürlüğe sahip hassas veriler elde edilebildiği tespit edilmiştir. Ülkemizdeki ormanlık alanlara ait Lidar verileri gibi daha hassas verilerin henüz elde edilememesi nedeniyle insansız hava araçları ormancılık çalışmaları için yüksek hassasiyette çalışmalarda katkı sağlayacak önemli bir araç olacağı sonucuna varılmıştır. İnsansız hava araçlarının ormancılık çalışmalarında kullanılmasında karşılaşılabilecek mevcut dezavantajlar ise, İHA uçuşları konusunda eğitimli personel eksikliği ile inişte uçak bütünlüğünün korunması olduğu görülmüştür. Bu çalışmada, İHA ve sistemlerinin bütün aşamaları ile değerlendirilmiş ve test edilmiştir. Ormancılık çalışmalarında, ihtiyaç duyulan coğrafi bilgi sistemi verilerinin elde edilmesinde İHA olanakları kullanımının yarar sağlayacağı düşünülmektedir. SYM (Sayısal Yüzey Modeli) verilerinin hassasiyeti bakımından detaylı olarak değerlendirilen görüntü alımlarının LIDAR ve IFSAR verilerinin sahip olduğu hassasiyete nispeten sahip olmadığı, ancak maliyet bakımından karşılaştırıldığında oldukça verimli alternatif fotogrametrik bir araç olduğu sonucuna varılmıştır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: İnsansız hava araçları, sayısal yükseklik modeli, ormancılık

Usage opportunities of generating digital elevation model with unmanned aerial vehicles on forestry

Abstract: Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are sustained in flight by aerodynamic lift and guided without an onboard crew, they may be expandeble or recoverable and can fly autonomously or semiautonomously. Within the scope of study, new generation series autonomous UAV brand which is Trimble UX5 is used for generating high accuracy digital model model and obtaining high accuracy image in Istanbul University research and application forest. These obtained images are evaluated with photogrammetry software Trimble Business Center (TBC) v3.1. In this study it was determined that we can obtan high accuracy data image resolution from 2.4 cm to 24 cm depending on the flight altitude with UAV. It was concluded that UAV systems can contribute in forestry work yo obtain sensitive data because of there is no other high accuracy data such as LIDAR. And lack of trained personnel in UAV flights is disadvantages. In this study, UAV and it’s systems were evaluated and tested in all steps. It was expected that geographic information data which requiered forestry applications, can be easly be obtain with UAV. When Digital surface model (DSM) data was assessed comprehensively, it was concluded that the data which obtained from UAV systems are more cheaper, productive and from LIDAR and IFSAR data. At the same time UAV data are relatively sensitive such LIDAR and IFSAR.

Keywords: Unmanned aerial vehicle,digital elevation model, forestry

Received (Geliş tarihi): 05.02.2015 - Revised (Düzeltme tarihi): 02.03.2015 -   Accepted (Kabul tarihi): 02.03.2015

To cite this article: Akgül, M., Yurtseven, H., Demir, M., Akay, A.E., Gülci, S., Öztürk, T., 2016. İnsansız hava araçları ile yüksek hassasiyette sayısal yükseklik modeli üretimi ve ormancılıkta kullanım olanakları. Journal of the Faculty of Forestry Istanbul University 66(1): 104-118. DOI: 10.17099/jffiu.23976


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17099/jffiu.23976

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