Investigation of Efficiency of Pytomyza orobanchia Kaltenbach, 1864 (Diptera: Agromyzidae) on Orobanche aegyptiaca Pers. and O. ramosa Linnaeus (Orobanchaceae) in Tomato Fields of Diyarbakır and Mardin Provinces
This study was carried out to investigate efficiency of Phytomyza orobanchia Kaltenbach, 1864 (Diptera: Agromyzidae) which is nourished on Orobanche aegyptiaca and O. ramosa in tomato growing fields under natural conditions, in Diyarbakır and Mardin provinces in 2008. Trials were established according to randomized parcel design as five characters (0, 4, 6 and 8 pupae released lattices and open field control) and six replications. According to the results there is 1 % level highly significant difference among treatments in both locations. The differences between treatments were ordered from the most effective ones to the least as; 8 pupae, 6 pupae, open field control, 4 pupae, and control lattices that without pupae. The efficiency of P. orobanchia increased significantly by increasing of the number of released P. orobanchia pupae, while there is no effectiveness in control cages that without pupae. Compared to pupae released cages open fields were found the same as four pupae released cages or near six pupae released ones. By this study a valuable information resource has been constituted in order to improve effective methods for using biological control in integrated pest management system to control broomrape.
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