Role of Some Selected Fungi Cultures on Bioremediation of Herbicide Chlorsulfuron
This study aims for the performance of certain soil fungi for bioremediation of chlorsulfuron herbicide solutions on chemical oxygen demand (COD), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), total organic carbon (TOC) and active ingredient parameters under agitated culture conditions. Soil fungi were isolated from chlorsulfuron-free soil in an agricultural field. Based on the laboratory experiment results, A. Alternata had the highest removal rate for all parameters about 5-6 days. Additionally, it was observed that M. chlamydosporia showed the lowest COD and active ingredient removal efficiency. On the other hand, TOC removal rates were similar with P. simplicissimum, M. chlamydosporia and S. chartarum species nearly 53%. It was demonstrated that, there were a suitable isolated fungi species for bioremediation of chlorsulfuron in agricultural soil media. It was conducted that all isolated fungi demonstrated up to 50% ability to degrade chlorsulfuron on important environmental parameters.
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