2011 UNIVERSIADE KIŞ OYUNLARININ ERZURUM EKONOMİSİ ÜZERİNDEKİ ETKİLERİ: BİR UYGULAMA

Ş. MUSTAFA ERSUNGUR MERTER AKINCI
1.358 533

Öz


Günümüzde hükümetlerin önem verdiği konulardan bir tanesi, bölgesel kalkınma farklılıklarının azaltılmasına yönelik politikaların uygulanmasıdır. Bu farklılıkların giderilebilmesi için dikkate alınan bölgeye özgü tedbirlerin yanı sıra, Olimpiyat Oyunları gibi geniş çaplı sportif faaliyetlerin düzenlenmesi bir amaç haline getirilmiş ve böylece bölgesel kalkınma dinamiklerinin ortaya çıkarılması hedeflenmiştir. Bu tür organizasyonların ev sahibi ülkede üretim, istihdam ve milli gelir düzeyi üzerinde önemli etkiler yaratacağı düşünülmüş ve arzulanan hedefe ilave bir katkı sağlayacağı belirtilmiştir. Bu doğrultuda, 2011 Universiade Kış Oyunlarının Erzurum ekonomisi üzerindeki etkilerini belirleyebilmek amacıyla bir uygulama yapılmıştır. Anketlerden elde edilen veriler yardımıyla frekans ve yüzde tabloları oluşturularak mevcut durum ortaya konmuştur. Regresyon analizleri ise, Oyunların ekonomi üzerindeki etkilerinin tespit edilmesi için uygulanmıştır. Analiz sonuçları, Oyunların bölgesel istihdam, kâr, üretim, kapasite kullanımı ve gelir üzerinde pozitif yönlü etkiler yaratarak kalkınma için önemli bir uyarıcı olduğunu göstermiştir.

Anahtar kelimeler


Olimpiyat Oyunları, Bölgesel Kalkınma, Anket Metodu, Regresyon Analizi

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Referanslar


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