A Comparison of the Actions about Defective Products under the Consumer Protection Act 1987 and Common Law Actions about Negligently Manufactured Products in the UKİngiltere'de 1987 Tarihli Tüketicinin Korunması Kanununa Göre Ayıplı Mallara İlişkin Açılan Davalarla İçtihat Hukukuna Göre İhmal Sonucu Üretilmiş Mallara İlişkin Açılan Davalar Arasında Bir Karşılaştırma

 H. GÖKÇE TÜRKOĞLU
1.176 683

Öz


İngiliz içtihat hukukunun ilk zamanlarında, alıcıların satın almış oldukları ürünlerdeki ayıplara karşılık gerçek anlamda bir korumaları bulunmamaktaydı. Zaman içinde, İngiliz hukukundaki gelişmelere bağlı olarak, davalının kusuru bulunmak kaydıyla, ayıplı olarak üretilmiş mallar açısından, alıcının haksız fiil sorumluluğunun işletebileceği kabul edilmiştir. 1985’ten önce, Avrupa Birliği üye devletlerinin ürün sorumluluğu hukukları birbirlerinden farklı idi ve bu farklılıklar, Avrupa Birliği dahilindeki ticaret açısından önemli zorluklara yol açmaktaydı. İşte bu çeşit zorluklardan kaynaklanan problemleri çözmek için, 1985 yılında, Ürün Güvenliği hakkındaki Direktif 85/374/AET kabul edildi. Ne yazık ki, Ürün Güvenliği hakkındaki Direktifin içeriği ciddi eleştirilere maruz kalmıştır. Sonunda, üye devletlerin belli noktalarda Direktiften ayrılabilmesi, dolayısıyla da, iç hukuklarında daha fazla tüketici korunması sağlanmasının kabul edilmesiyle, söz konusu eleştiriler önemli ölçüde ortadan kaldırılmıştır

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