839 180


In this study, it was aimed to investigate expression of nerve growth factor (NGF) during embryonic growth period of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) by immunohistochemical method. Quail embryos were collected daily from 9th day until 16th day of incubation. Sections were stained with streptavidin-biotin-peroxidase complex method for NGF localization during embryonic growth development. As a result of evaluations, NGF reaction was observed from 9th day until 16th day in the intestine, muscle, kidney, liver, lung, spinal cord, blood vessels, cartilage tissue. In conclusion, It was determination that NGF, which, especially in addition to its significant role in development of sympathetic and sensory neurons, is active when tissues take their final shape during embryonic growth by controlling growth, differentiation and apoptosis, is released from primordia of tissues in quail embryos from 9th day until 16th day of embryonic period of Japanese quails. 

Anahtar kelimeler

Embryo; immunohistochemistry; nerve growth factor; quail

Tam metin:



Bakir B, Kocamis H. The Effects of Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 on Bone GrowtH During Japanese Quail Embriyonic Development. Kafkas Univ. Vet. Fak. Derg. 2011; 17:457-461.

Belew M, Ebendal T. Chick embryo nerve growth factor. Fractionation and biological activity. Exp. Cell Res. 1986; 167:550-558.

Bhargava S, Modak SP. Expression of nerve growth factor during the development of nervous system in early chick embryo. Dev. Brain Res. 2002; 136: 43-49.

Bibel M, Barde YA. Neurotrophins key regulators of cell fate and cell shape in the vertebrate nervous system. Genes Dev. 2000; 14:2919-2937.

Bothwell M. Functional interactions of neurotrophins and neurotrophin receptors. Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 1995; 18:223-253.

Escandon E, Chao MV. Developmental expression of the chicken nerve growth factor receptor gene during brain morphogenesis. Brain Res. Dev. 1989; 47:187-196.

Frade JM, Barde YA. Nerve growth factor: two receptors multiplefunctions, Bioessays. 1998; 20:137-145.

Glucksmann A. Cell death in normal vertibrate ontogeny. Biol. Rev. 1951; 26:59-86.

Hanahan D, Weinberg RA. The hallmarks of cancer. Cell, 2000; 100:57-70.

Hennigan A, Callaghan CK., Kealy J, Rouine J, Kelly AM. Deficits in LTP and recognition memory in the genetically hypertensive rat are associated with decreased expression of neurotrophic factors and their receptors in the dentate gyrus. Behav. Brain Re. 2009; 197:371-377.

Lambiase A, Bracci-Laudiero L, Bonini S, Bonini S, Starace G, D'Elios MM, De Carli M, Aloe L. Human CD4+ T cell clones produce and release nerve growth factor and express high-affinity nerve growth factor receptors. J Allergy Clinic Immun. 1997; 100:408-14.

Lee R, Kermani P, Teng KK, Hempstead BL. Regulation of cell survival by secreted proneurotrophins. Sci. 2011; 294:1945-48.

Mancaa A, Capsonia S, Di Luzioc A, Vignonea D, Malerba F, Paolettia F, Brandia R, Arisia I, Cattaneo A, Levi-Montalcini R. Nerve growth factor regulates axial rotation during early stages of chick embryo development. PNAS, 2012; 109:2009-2014.

Meloni M, Caporali A, Graiani G, Lagrasta C, Katare R, Van L, Inthout S, Spillmann F, Campesi I, Madeddu P, Quaini F, Emanueli C. Nerve growth factor promotes cardiac repair following myocardial infarction. Circ. Res. 2010; 106:1275-1284.

Olson L, Backlund EO, Ebendal T, Freedman R, Hamberger B, Hansson P, Hoffer B, Lindblom U, Meyerson B, Stromberg I. Intraputaminal infusion of nerve growth factor to support adrenal medullary autografts in Parkinson’s disease. One-year follow-up of first clinical trial. Arch. Neurol. 1991; 48:373-381.

Olson L, Nordberg A, von Holst H, Backman L, Ebendal T, Alafuzoff I, Amberla K, Hartvig P, Herlitz A, Lilja A. Nerve growth factor affects 11C-nicotine binding, blood flow, EEG, and verbal episodic memory in an Alzheimer patient (case report). J Neural Transm. Park Dis. Dement. Sect. 1992; 4:79-95.

Ratto MH, Leduc YA, Valderrama XP, van Straaten KE, Delbaere LT, Pierson RA, Adams GP. The nerve of ovulation-inducing factor in semen. Proc. Nat.l Acad. Sci. USA, 2012; 109:15042-47.

Rohrer H, Hofer M, Hellweg R, Korsching S, Stehle AD, Saadat S, Thoenen H. Antibodies against mouse nerve growth factor interfere in vivo with the development of avian sensory and sympathetic neurones. Dev. 1988; 103:545-552.

Sima AA. New insights into the metabolic and molecular basis for diabetic neuropathy. Cell Mol. Life Sci. 2003; 60:2445-2464.