Investigation of the Attitudes towards Environmental Issues and Knowledge Levels of Candidate Teachers

Gökhan Uyanık
1.177 218


The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge levels and attitudes towards environmental issues of candidate teachers. The study was conducted at survey model. The sampling consists of 405 teacher candidates who were studying in the spring term of the 2015-2016 academic years at Faculty of Education in Kastamonu University. The 405 participants of study were studying at five different undergraduate programs. These programs were Classroom Teaching, Turkish Teaching, Science Teaching, Pre-school Teaching and Elementary Mathematics Teaching. Environmental Issues Knowledge Test, which was developed by Güven (2013) and Attitude Scale towards Environmental Problems which, was developed by Şama (2003) were used as data gathering tools. The single direction variance analysis (ANOVA) was used for data analysis. According to the findings, there was a significant difference in favor of the participants, who already took the environmental education course (classroom teaching and science teaching candidate teachers), compared to the other teacher candidates not having this course. It was found that the knowledge level of classroom teaching and science teaching candidate teachers about the environmental issues were higher than the other candidate teachers. Moreover, the candidate teachers, who took Environmental Education course at the university, have more positive attitudes to environment. Upon these conclusions, it is recommended that including the faculties of education at first, all of the undergraduate program of the universities should have Environmental Education course or similar courses in their programs.

Tam metin:

PDF (English)


Aksoy, B., & Karatekin, K. (2011). Perceptions towards environment of different undergraduate programs students. TSA, 15(3), 23-36.

Alp, E., Ertepınar, H., Tekkaya, C., & Yılmaz, A. (2006). A study on attitudes and knowledge about the environment of elementary students. VII. National Science and Mathematics Education Congress, 7-9 September, Ankara.

Altınöz, N. (2010). Environmental literacy levels of science teacher candidates. (Unpublished Master’s Thesis). Sakarya University, Institute of Science and Technology, Sakarya.

Atasoy, E. (2005). Education for the environment: A study on environmental attitudes and environmental knowledge of primary school students. (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation). Uludağ University Institute of Social Sciences, Bursa.

Azapagic, A., Perdan, S., & Shallcross, D. (2005). How much do engineering students know about sustainable development? The findings of an international survey and possible implications for the engineering curriculum. New Perspectives and New Methods in Engineering Education, 4(1) 1-20.

Baş, G. (2011). A further step in the theory of multiple intelligences: Ecological intelligence. Education Journal of in Light of the Mind and Science, 134, 7-10.

Çabuk, B., & Karacaoğlu, C. (2003). Investigation of environmental awareness of university students. Ankara University Journal of Faculty of Educational Sciences, 36(1-2), 189-198.

Deniş, H., & Genç, H. (2007). Environmental science course and attitudes towards the environment and environmental science students take classes taught in the course of the comparison of success. Mehmet Akif Ersoy University Journal of Faculty of Education, 13, 20-26.

Erol, G. H. (2005). Classroom teaching second grade students' attitudes towards the environment and environmental issues. (Unpublished Master's Thesis). Pamukkale University Institute of Science, Denizli.

Erol, G. H., & Gezer, K. (2006). Prospective of elementary school teachers’ attitudes toward environment and environmental problems. International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 1(1), 65-77.

Erten, S. (2005). Investigation of environmentally friendly behavior in pre-school teachers. Hacettepe University Journal of Education, 28, 91-100.

Fraenkel, J. R., & Wallen, N. E. (2006). How to design and evaluate research in education. (6. Ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill International Edition.

Güven, E. (2013). Çevre sorunları başarı testinin geliştirilmesi ve öğretmen adaylarının bilgi düzeylerinin belirlenmesi. Trakya Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 3(2), 114-127.

Jeffries, H., Stanisstreet, M., & Boyes, E. (2001). Knowledge about the “greenhouse effect”: have college students improved? Research in Science and Technology Education, 19(2), 205-221.

Joseph, B. (2009). Environmental studies (Second Edition). New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill.

Kayalı, H. (2010). Attitudes towards environmental issues of Social Science Teaching, Turkish Teaching and Classroom Teaching candidate teachers. Marmara Journal of Geography, 21, 258-268.

Koç, H., & Karatekin, K. (2013). Examining the different variables of environmental literacy levels of geography candidate teachers. Marmara Journal of Geography, 28, 139-174.

Makki, M. H., Khalick, F. A. E., & Boujaoude, S. (2003). Lebanese secondary school students' environmental knowledge and attitudes. Environmental Education Research, 9(1), 21-33.

Milton, B., Cleveland, E., & Bennett-Gates, D. (1995). Changing perceptions of nature, self, and others: A report on a park/school program. Journal of Environmental Education, 26(3), 32-42.

Nazlıoğlu, D. M. (1991). The importance of environmental education, on the environment. Ankara: Turkey Environmental Issues Foundation Publications.

Oweini, A., & Houri, A. (2006). Factors affecting environmental knowledge and attitudes among Lebanese college students. Applied Environmental Education and Communication, 5, 95-105.

Owens, M. A. (2000). The environmental literacy of urban middle school teachers. (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation). Faculty of the Graduate School of Emory University, USA.

Sam, N., Gürsakal, S., & Sam, R. (2010). Determination of environmental risk perception and environmental attitude of university students. Academic Perspective International Journals e-Journal of Social Sciences, 20.

Seçgin, F., Yalvaç, G., & Çetin, T. (2010). Perceptions towards environmental issues of 8th grade students through cartoons. International Conference on New Trends in Education and Their Implications. 391-398.

Şahin, K., & Gül, S. (2009). Investigation of the secondary school students’ environmental knowledge, behavior and sensitivity: Samsun example. Kastamonu Journal of Education, 17(2), 541-556.

Şama, E. (2003). Attitudes towards environmental issues of candidate teachers. Gazi University Journal of Education, 23(2), 99-110.

Şimşekli, Y. (2004). Awareness of environmental education activities to primary schools for the development of environmental awareness. Uludağ University Journal of Education, 17(1), 83-92.

Teksöz, G., Şahin, E., & Ertepınar, H. (2010). Environmental literacy, teachers and a sustainable future. Hacettepe University Journal of Education, 39, 307-320.

Timur, S. (2011). Determination of environmental literacy levels of science teachers. (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation). Gazi University Institute of Educational Sciences, Ankara.

UNESCO (1977). Final report: Intergovernmental conference on environmental education. UNESCO: Paris.

Ünal, S., & Dımışkı E. (1999). The development of environmental education under the auspices of UNESCO-UNEP environmental education and secondary education in Turkey. Hacettepe University Journal of Education, 16(17), 142–154.

Yener, D., & Kalıpcı, E. (2007). A survey study on environmental knowledge of education faculty students. Journal of International Environmental Application and Science, 2(6), 71-78.