Tuz Stresi Altında Çimlendirilen Arpa Tohumlarında Borik Asit Uygulamasının Sitogenetik Etkisi

Dilek ÇAVUŞOĞLU, Selma TABUR
1.025 933

Öz


Tuz stresi altında çimlendirilen arpa (Hordeum vulgare L., cv 'Bülbül 89') tohumlarının kök ucu meristemlerindeki mitotik aktivite ve kromozom anormallikleri üzerine dışsal borik asit uygulamasının etkisi araştırılmıştır. Kontrol grubu ile karşılaştırıldığında, mitotik indeks üzerine tuzluluğun engelleyici etkisi tuz konsantrasyon artışına (0,00- kontrol, 0,25 M, 0,275 M ve 0,30 M) bağlı olarak artmıştır. En yüksek tuz seviyesinde (0,30 M) mitotik indeks büyük ölçüde indirgenmiştir. Aynı zamanda tuz konsantrasyon artışına paralel olarak kromozom anormallik frekansı önemli derecede artmıştır. Borik asit (0,005 µM) ön uygulamasına maruz bırakılan arpa tohumları ile saf su ortamında (K, kontrol) çimlendirilen tohumların mitotik indeksi karşılaştırıldığında tek başına borik asit uygulamasının mitotik indeks üzerine engelleyici bir etkiye sahip olmadığı tespit edilmiştir. Ayrıca borik asit uygulamasında kromozom anormalliklerinin frekansı kontrol grubuna göre yaklaşık üç kat artış göstermiştir. Farklı tuz konsantrasyonları ve borik asitin eş zamanlı uygulaması mitotik indeks üzerindeki negatif etkiyi büyük ölçüde arttırmıştır. Bununla birlikte borik asit özellikle yüksek tuz konsantrasyonlarında kromozom anormallikleri üzerine tuzun zararlı etkisini hafifletmede mükemmel bir başarı göstermiştir.

Anahtar kelimeler


Arpa Borik asit Mitotik aktivite Kromozom anormallikleri Tuz stresi

Tam metin:

PDF


Referanslar


Ahmad, P., Hakeem, K.R., Kumar, A., Ashraf, M., Akram, N.A., 2012. Salt Induced Changes in Photosynthetic Activity and Oxidative Defense System of Three Cultivars of Mustard (Brassica juncea L.). African Journal of Biotechnology, 11(11), 2694– 2703.

Ahmad, P., Prasad, M.N.V., 2012a. Environmental Adaptations and Stres Tolerance in Plants in the Era of Climate Change. Springer Science Business Media, LLC, New York.

Ahmad, P., Prasad, M.N.V., 2012b. Abiotic Stress Responses in Plants: Metabolism, Productivity and Sustainability. Springer Science, Business Media, LLC, New York.

Al-Karaki, G.N., 2001. Germination, Sodium and Potassium Concentration of Barley Seeds as Influenced by Salinity. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 24, 511-522.

Anuradha, S., Rao, S.S.R., 2001. Effect of

Brassinosteroids on Salinity Stress Induced Inhibition of Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of Rice (Oryza sativa L.). Plant Growth Regulation, 33(2), 151-153.

Azeem, M., Ahmad, R., 2011. Foliar Application of some Essential Minerals on Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) Plant Grown under Two Different Salinity Regimes. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 43, 1513-1520.

Azooz, M.M, Youssef, A.M, Ahmad, P., 2011. Evaluation of Salicylic Acid (SA) Application on Growth, Osmotic Solutes and Antioxidant Enzyme Activities on Broad Bean Seedlings Grown under Diluted Seawater. International Journal of Plant Physiology and Biochemsitry, 3, 253–264.

Bassuony, F.M., Hassanein, R.A., Baraka, D.M., Khalil, R.R., 2008. Physiological Effects of Nicotinamide and Ascorbic Acid on Zea mays Plant Grown under Salinity Stress. II-Changes in Nitrogen Constituents, Protein Profiles, Protease Enzyme and Certain Inorganic Cations. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 2(3), 350-359.

Bonilla, I., El-Hamdaoui, A., Bolanos, L., 2004. Boron and Calcium Increase Pisum sativum Seed Germination and Seedling Development under Salt Stress. Plant and Soil, 267, 97-107.

Brix, H., 1962. The Effect of Water Stress on the Rates of Photosynthesis and Respiration in Tomato Plants and Loblolly Pine Seedlings. Physiologia Plantarum, 15, 10-20.

Cesur, A., Tabur, S., 2011. Chromotoxic Effects of Exogenous Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) in Barley Seeds Exposed to Salt Stress. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 33, 707-709.

Çavuşoğlu, K., 2006. Geleneksel Hormonlarla Son Yıllarda Bulunan Bazı Hormonların ve Büyüme Düzenleyicilerinin Yüksek Sıcaklık ve Tuz (NaCl) Stresleri Altındaki Arpa ve Turp Tohumlarının Çimlenmesi Üzerindeki Etkilerinin Karşılaştırılması. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri

Enstitüsü, Doktora Tezi, 161 s, Isparta.

Çavuşoğlu, K., Kabar, K., 2008. Bazı Bitki Büyüme Düzenleyicilerinin Tuzlu Koşullar Altındaki Arpa Tohumlarının Çimlenmesi Üzerindeki Etkilerinin Karşılaştırılması. Science and Engineering Journal of Fırat University, 20(1), 43-55.

Di Renzo, F., Cappelletti, G., Broccia, M.L., Giavini, E., Menegola, E., 2007. Boric Acid Inhibits Embryonic Histone Decatylases: A Suggested Mechanism to Explain Boric Acid Related Tetragonicity. Toxicology Applied Pharmacology, 220, 178-185.

Doğan, M., 2012. Farklı Bor Uygulamalarının Capparis L. spp. ve Carthamus L. spp. Tohumlarının Çimlenmesi Üzerine Etkisi. Süleyman Demirel

Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, 16(2), 154-161.

Dönbak, L., Rencüzoğulları, E., Topaktaş, M., 2002. The Cytogenic Effects of the Food Additive Boric Acid in Allium cepa L. the Japan Mendel Society. Cytologia, 67, 153-157.

Duan, J., Li, J., Guo, S., Kang, Y., 2008. Exogenous Spermidine Affects Polyamine Metabolism in Salinity- Stressed Cucumis sativus Roots and Enhances Short- Term Salinity Tolerance. Journal of Plant Physiology, 165, 1620–1635.

Duncan, D.B., 1955. Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics, 11, 1-42.

Elçi, Ş., 1982. Sitogenetikte Gözlemler ve Araştırma Yöntemleri. Fırat Üniversitesi Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi, 165 s, Elazığ.

Emam, M.M., Helal, N.M., 2008. Vitamins Minimize the Salt-Induced Oxidative Stress Hazards. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 2, 1110-1119.

Farr, H.J., 2010. Early Growth Tolerance to Boron and Salt in Wheat and Barley. Curtin University, Agricultural Technology, Msc Thesis, 95 p, Australia.

Flowers, T.J., 2004. Improving Crop Salt Tolerance. Journal of Experimental Botany, 55, 307–319.

Fox, D.P., 1969. Some Characteristic of the Cold Hydrolysis Technique for Staining Plant Tissues by the Feulgen Reaction. Journal of Histochemistry Cytochemistry, 17, 266-272.

Francois, L.E., Maas, E.V., 1994. Crop Response and Management on Salt Affected Soils. In: Pessaraki M (ed.). Handbook of Plant and Crop Stress, Marcel Dekker, New York, 149–181.

Ghoulam, C., Fares, K., 2001. Effect of Salinity on Seed Germination and Early Seedling Growth of Sugar Beet (Beta vulgaris L.). Seed Science Technology, 29, 357- 364.

Gill, K.S., Singh, O.S., 1985. Effect of Salinity on Carbohydrate Metabolism during paddy (Oryza sativa) Seed Germination under Salt Stress Condition. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 23, 384-386.

Guidetta Roti-Michelozzi, G., 1986. Biosystematic studies on the Vicia villosa complex in Europe. Candollea, 41, 399-411.

Güneş, A., Alpaslan, M., Özcan, H., Çıkılı, Y., 2000. Türkiye’de Yaygın Olarak Yetiştirilen Mısır (Zea mays L.) Çeşitlerinin Bor Toksisitesine Duyarlılıkları. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 24, 277- 282.

Harmankaya, M., Gezgin, S., 2005. Konya Ovası Topraklarında Bor Fraksiyonlarının Belirlenmesi. Selçuk Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 19(36), 93-105.

Hill, H.D., Myers, W.M., 1945. A Schedule Including Cold Treatment to Facilitate Somatic Chromosome Counts in Certain Forage Grasses. Stain Technology, 20, 89-92.

Huang, C.X., Van Steveninck, R.F.M., 1990. Salinity Induced Structural Changes in Meristematic Cells of Barley Roots. New Phytologist, 115, 17-22.

Huilan, Y., Zili, Z., 2001. Cell Division and

Chromosome Behavior of Hordeum vulgare Seedlings under Salt Stress. Hereditas, 23(1), 29-32.

Iqbal, M., Ashraf, M., 2005. Changes in Growth Photosynthetic Capacity and Ionic Relations in Spring Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Due to Pre-Sowing Seed Treatment with Polyamines. Plant Growth Regulation, 46, 19–30.

Jang, S.J., Shin, S.H., Yee, S.T., Hwang, B., Im, K.H., Park, K.Y., 2005. Effects of Abiotic Stresses on Cell Cycle Progression in Tobacco BY-2 Cells. Molecules and Cells, 20(1), 136-141.

Katsuhara, M., Kawasaki, T., 1996. Salt Stress Induced Nuclear and DNA Degradation in Meristematic Cells of Barley Roots. Plant and Cell Physiology, 37, 169- 173.

Kim, M.J., Lim, G.H., Kim, E.S., Ko, C.B., Yang, K.Y., Jeong, J.A., 2007. Abiotic and Biotic Stress Tolerance in Arabidopsis Overexpressing the Multiprotein Bridging Factor 1a (MBF1a) Transcriptional Coactivator Gene. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communictions, 354, 440-446.

Kohler, J., Caravaca, F., Roldán, A., 2010. An AM Fungus and a PGPR Intensify the Adverse Effects of Salinity on the Stability of Rhizosphere Soil Aggregates of Lactuca sativa. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 42, 429–434.

Konuk, M., Liman, R., Ciğerci, İ.H., 2007. Determination of Genotoxic Effect of Boron on Allium cepa Root Meristematic Cells. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 39(1), 73-79.

Kumar, G., Srivastava, N., 2011. Genotoxic Effects of Two Commonly Used Food Additives of Boric Acid and Sunset Yellow in Root Meristems of Trigonella foenum-Graecum. Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering, 4(8), 361-366.

Kuta, E., 1980. Karyological Studies on the Genus Vicia L. Acta Biologia Cracoviensia Series Botanica, 22, 81-89.

Ladizinsky, G., Hadassa, V.O., 1984. Genetic Relationships between Wild and Cultivated Vicia ervilia (L.) Willd. Botanical Journal of The Linnean Society, 89, 97-100.

Lichtenhaler, H.K., 1996. Vegetation Stress: An Introduction to the Stress Concept in Plants. Journal of Plant Physiology, 148, 4-14.

Lutsenko, E.K., Marushko, E.A., Kononenko, N.V., Leonova, T.G., 2005. Effects of Fusicoccin on the Early Stages of Sorghum Growth at High NaCl Concentrations. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology, 52, 332-337.

Mahajan, S., Tuteja, N., 2005. Cold, Salinity and Drought

Biochemistry Biophysics, 444, 139–158. an Overview.

Archieves Maxted, N., Callimassia, M.A., Bennett, M.D., 1991. Cytotaxonomic Studies of Eastern Mediterranean Vicia Species (Leguminosae). Plant Systematics and Evolution, 177, 221-234.

Mengel, K., 1984. Bitkinin Beslenmesi ve

Metabolizması. Çukurova Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi Yayınları, 162 s, Adana.

Miller, G., Suzuki, N., Çiftci-Yılmaz, S., Mittler, R., 2010. Reactive Oxygen Species Homeostasis and Signalling during Drought and Salinity Stresses. Plant Cell and Environmental, 33, 453–467.

Munns, R., Tester, M., 2008. Mechanisms of Salinity Tolerance. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 59, 651- 681.

Nable, R.O., Banuelos, G.S., Paull, J.G., 1997. Boron Toxicity. Plant and Soil, 193, 181-198.

Özdemir, F., Bor, M., Demiral, T., Türkan, İ., 2004. Effects of 24-Epibrassinolide on Seed Germination, Seedling Growth, Lipid Peroxidation, Proline Content and Antioxidative System of Rice under Salinity Stress. Plant Growth Regulation, 42, 203-211.

Pandey, R.M., Santosh, U., 2007. Impact of Food Additives on Mitotic Chromosomes of Vicia faba L. Caryologia, 60( 4), 309-314.

Paull, J.G., Cartwright, B., Rathjen, A.J., 1988. Responses of Wheat and Barley Genotypes to Toxic Concentrations of Soil Boron. Euphytica, 39, 137-144. Porath, E., Poljakoff-Mayber, A., 1964. Effect of

Salinity on Metabolic Pathways in Pea Root Tips. Israel Journal of Botany, 13, 115-121.

Rehman, S., Park, T.I., Kim, Y.J., Seo, Y.W., Yung S.J., 2006. Inverse Relationship between Boron Toxicity Tolerance and Boron Contents of Barley Seed and Root. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 29, 1779-1789.

Rousi, A., 1961. Cutotoxonomic Studies on Vicia cracca L. and V. tenuifolia Roth. I. Chromosome Number and Karyotype Evolution. Hereditas, 47, 81- 110.

Schmidhalter, U., Oertli, J.J., 1991. Germination and Seedling Growth of Carrots under Salinity and

Moisture Stress. Plant and Soil, 132, 243-251.

Sharma, P.C., Gupta, P.K., 1982. Karyotypes in some Pulse Crops. The Nucleus, 25, 181-185.

Taban, S., Erdal, İ., 2000. Bor Uygulamasının Değişik Buğday Çeşitlerinde Gelişme ve Toprak Üstü Aksamda Bor Dağılımı Üzerine Etkisi. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 24, 255-262.

Tabur, S., Civelek, Ş., Bağcı, E., 2002. Cytotaxonomic Studies on some Vicia L. Species Growing in Eastern Mediterrenean Region of Turkey. Acta Botanica Hungarica, 44(1-2), 185-204.

Tabur, S., Demir, K., 2008. Tuz Stresi (NaCl) Altında Çimlendirilen Arpa Tohumlarının Mitotik İndeks ve Kromozom Anormallikleri Üzerine Bazı Bitki Büyüme Düzenleyicisi Kombinasyonlarının Etkileri. SDÜ Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Fen Dergisi, 3(2), 162-173.

Tabur, S., Demir, K., 2009. Cytogenetic Response of 24-Epibrassinolide on the Root Meristem Cells of Barley Seeds under Salinity. Plant Growth Regulation, 58, 119–123.

Tabur, S., Demir, K., 2010. Role of some Growth Regulators on Cytogenetic Activity of Barley under Salt Stress. Plant Growth Regulation, 60, 99–104.

Tajbakhsh, M., Zhou, M.X., Chen, Z.H., Mendham, N.J., 2006. Physiological and Cytological Response of Salt- Tolerant and Non-Tolerant Barley to Salinity during Germination and Early Growth. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 46(4), 555-562.

Terziiskii, D., Dimitrov, B., 1983. Karyotype Analyses in Vicia hirsuta (L.) S:F:Gray and Vicia Meyeri Boiss. Caryologia, 36, 345-354.

Tester, M., Davenport, R., 2003. Na+ Tolerance and Na+ Transport in Higher Plants. Annals of Botany, 91, 503–527.

Tiburcio, A.F., Besford, R.T., Borrell, A., 1994. Posttranslational

Decarboxylase Synthesis by Spermine in Osmotically- Stressed

Transactions, 22, 455. of Arginine Oat Leaves. Biochemical

Society Toprak, R., 2002. Bakla (Vicia faba L.) Kökü Meristem Hücrelerinde Mitotik Aktivite Üzerine Bor’un Etkileri. Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, 31 s, Afyon.

Turkez, H., Geyikoğlu, F., 2010. Boric acid: A Potential Chemoprotective Agent Against Aflatoxin B1 Toxicity in Human Blood. Cytotechnology, 62, 157-165.

Türkan, İ., Demiral, T., 2009. Recent Developments in Understanding Salinity Tolerance. Elsevier, 67, 2-9.

Vranovà, E., Inzé, D., Breusegem, F.V., 2002. Signal Transduction during Oxidative Stress. Journal of Experimental Botany, 53, 1227-1236.

Warington, K., 1923. The Effects of Boric Acid and Borax on the Broad Bean and Certain other Plants. Annals of Botany, 37, 457-466.

Zhu, J.K., 2001. Plant Salt Tolerance. Trends in Plant Sciences, 6, 66-71.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

   ISSN: 1300-7688
e-ISSN: 1308-6529