Pasinler İlçesi (Erzurum)’nde Şeker Pancarı (Beta vulgaris) Bitkilerinden İzole Edilen Fusarium spp. ve Patojeniteleri

Ömer Faruk KARYAĞDI, Cafer EKEN
1.794 391

Öz


Bu çalışma Pasinler ilçesi (Erzurum)’nde şeker pancarı (Beta vulgaris L.) bitkilerinden izole edilen Fusarium türlerini ve patojenitelerini belirlemek amacıyla 2009 yılında yürütülmüştür. Şeker pancarı bitkisinden yapılan izolasyon çalışmaları sonucunda 194 Fusarium izolatı elde edilmiştir. Çalışmada elde edilen izolatların %37,63’ü F. equiseti, %31,44’ü F. oxysporum, %13,92’i F. acuminatum, %10,82’si F. solani, %4,12’si F. heterosporum, %1,55’i F. avenaceum ve %0,52’si F. graminearum olarak saptanmıştır. Yapılan patojenite testlerinde F. acuminatum (P2-8A1), F. equiseti (P1-6), F. heterosporum (P10-30), F. oxysporum (P8-24, P9-36) ve F. solani (P8-2) izolatları en yüksek hastalık şiddeti oluşturmuştur. F. acuminatum ve F. graminearum için şeker pancarı bitkisi, Türkiye’de yeni konukçu kaydı olarak belirlenmiştir.

Anahtar kelimeler


Şekerpancarı; Fusarium spp.; Patojenite

Tam metin:

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19113/sdufbed.15093

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