A Hybrid Control of Seismic Response by Passive and Semi-active Control Strategies
Passive and semi-active control devices are widely utilized as supplemental damping strategies for response reduction in civil engineering structures subjected to strong earthquakes and severe winds. Passive control devices require no external power supply. Total during an earthquake. Active control strategies, on the other hand, are generally more effective, but they are disadvantageous as energy cannot increase, therefore the system stays stable. But passive controllers are not as effective as semi-active, active, or hybrid ones. Semi-active control devices' input power requirements are less than active devices. This fact makes semi-active controllers useful in case of a power cut they need large amounts of power while they are in action, and they may result in instabilities of the controlled structure. A hybrid control which consists of passive and semi-active controller is studied in order to benefit from advantages of both strategies and to compensate their weak properties. In the current study, a passive base isolator and a semi-active magnetorheological damper are applied to a three-story frame structure. The benefits of hybrid application of two control systems are revealed.
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