Distribution of coronary artery risk factors: a regional analysis
To analyze the frequency and distribution of coronary artery risk factors in the city of Rize and its surrounding areas. Materials and methods: This observational study included 452 patients (333 men, 119 women). In addition to demographic characteristics of the patients, conventional risk factors were also recorded. The patients were grouped according to their ages, gender, and electrocardiographic characteristics. Results: The mean age of participants was 63 ± 13 years and 74% were male. Smoking and hypertension (HT) were seen more often (71%) in younger male patients. No difference among age groups was detected with regard to the occurrence of diabetes mellitus. The levels of HDL-cholesterol (P < 0.001) and the ratio of total cholesterol to HDL-cholesterol (P < 0.05) were found to be relatively higher in female patients. The prevalence of smoking and familial risk factors both decreased with age. Conclusion: At least one of these risk factors was detected in 97% of patients. Therefore, our study continues to emphasize the crucial role of modification of risk factors in patients with coronary artery disease, the most important etiologic factor for morbidity and mortality.
Key words: Coronary artery disease, risk factors, regional