Effects of Dietary Aflatoxin and Hydrate Sodium Calcium Aluminosilicate on Triiodothyronine, Thyroxine, Thyrotrophin and Testosterone Levels in Quails
This study was performed on 80 male 14-day-old Coturnix coturnix japonica breed quails. The quails were divided into 8 groups with 10 animals in each as 1 control and 7 trial groups. While the control group was fed a commercial basal ration, groups 2-8 received, respectively, 2.5 g/kg feed hydrate sodium calcium aluminosilicate (HSCAS), 5.0 g/kg feed HSCAS, 10.0 g/kg feed HSCAS, 2.5 ppm aflatoxin (AF B1 78.30%, AF B2 14.60%, AF G1 4.50%, AF G2 2.60%); 2.5 ppm AF with 2.5 g/kg feed HSCAS, 2.5 ppm AF with 5.0 g/kg feed HSCAS, and 2.5 ppm AF with 10.0 g/kg feed HSCAS, respectively, for 21 days. At the end of the trial, blood samples were taken from the animals and triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), thyrotrophin (TSH) and testosterone levels in the blood were measured. Statistically significant increases were detected in T3 levels in groups 3 and 4 and significant decreases in groups 5 and 6, while there were significant increases in T4 levels in groups 2, 4, 5, 7 and 8 and significant decreases in blood testosterone levels in all trial (groups 2 to 8) groups compared to the control (group 1).
Aflatoxin, HSCAS, hormone, quail