OECD ÜYESİ DOĞU-ORTA AVRUPA ÜLKELERİNİN BİYOTEKNOLOJİK GELİŞME PERFORMANSI AÇISINDAN KARŞILAŞTIRMALI ANALİZİ

Yaşar Serhat YAŞGÜL, Yavuz TURGUTER
1.881 559

Öz


Çalışmada, OECD üyesi 7 Doğu-Orta Avrupa ülkesinin biyoteknolojik gelişme performansı karşılaştırmalı olarak incelenmiştir. Bu amaçla “Veri Zarflama Analizi Yöntemi” kullanılmıştır. Karşılaştırmalı analizler için 1998 ve 2011 yıllarına ait veriler seçilmiştir. “CCR Modeli”nden ve “Süper Etkinlik Modeli”nden elde edilen ampirik sonuçlara göre, incelenmiş olan 13 yıllık süreçte Slovakya ve Slovenya’nın önemli birer atılım yaptıkları görülmektedir. Tüm diğer ülkelerde ise performans kayıpları söz konusudur. Türkiye’nin gösterdiği performans, incelenmiş olan 7 ülkenin performans sıralaması yönünden oldukça dikkat çekicidir. Türkiye biyoteknolojik gelişme performansı bakımından 1998 yılı itibariyle tüm diğer ülkelere göre daha avantajlı bir konumda iken, 2011 yılına gelindiğinde Slovakya ve Slovenya’nın gerisinde kalmıştır. Bu durum Türkiye’nin ulusal inovasyon sistemini yeniden gözden geçirmesi gereğini ortaya koymaktadır. 

Anahtar Kelimeler: Biyoteknolojik Gelişme Performansı, Veri Zarflama Analizi, Türkiye, Doğu-Orta Avrupa Ülkeleri

JEL Sınıflandırması: O33, C44

COMPARATIVE BIOTECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS of THE EASTERN-CENTRAL EUROPEAN COUNTRIES WHICH ARE THE MEMBERS of OECD

Abstract

In this study, seven members of the OECD in East-Central European countries were examined the comparative performance of biotechnological development. For this purpose, data envelopment analysis method was used. 1998 and 2011 data were selected for comparative analysis. According to “CCR Model” and “Super Efficiency Model”, Slovakia and Slovenia has spurted for 13 years. In all other countries, there is a loss of performance. In terms of seven countries’ performance, Turkey’s is quietly remarkable. Turkey was in an advantageous position compared to all other countries in 1998. But It lagged behind Slovakia and Slovenia in 2011. This situation demonstrates that Turkey needs to reconsider the national innovation system.

Keywords: Biotechnological Development Performance, Data Envelopment Analysis, Turkey, East-Central European Countries

JEL Classification: O33, C44


Anahtar kelimeler


Biyoteknolojik Gelişme Performansı, Veri Zarflama Analizi, Türkiye, Doğu-Orta

Tam metin:

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18092/ijeas.76974

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