FINANCIAL EFFICIENCY ANALYSIS OF METROPOLITAN MUNICIPALITIES WITH INTEGRATED DEA AND GRA: THE CASE OF TURKEY

Zeliha KAYGISIZ ERTUĞ, Nuray GİRGİNER
1.953 692

Öz


The aim of this study is to identify the activities of metropolitan municipalities in Turkey in terms of monetary services and sequence them according to their performances. First, the monetary services activities of 14 metropolitan municipalities have been identified by a DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) model that is related to three inputs and three outputs. DEA provides the performance improvement findings of decision-making units which are not efficient; however, any sequence for efficient decision making units cannot be attained via DEA. Therefore, the municipalities identified as efficient in terms of monetary services with DEA are sequenced with GRA (Grey Relation Analysis). In this way, the municipalities carrying out their monetary services efficiently could be sequenced among themselves. In addition, the efficient factors in the performances of the efficient municipalities could be identified with GRA. The results of applying DEA and GRA to the efficient municipalities (Gaziantep, Erzurum, Eskisehir, Antalya, Samsun, Adana, Ankara and Istanbul Metropolitan Municipalities) in terms of monetary services indicate that Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality has the highest performance and Ankara Metropolitan Municipality has the lowest performance.

Keywords: Municipality, Efficiency, Data Envelopment Analysis, Grey Relation Analysis.

JEL Classification: C44

BÜTÜNLEŞİK VZA ve GİA YÖNTEMLERİYLE BÜYÜKŞEHİR BELEDİYELERİNİN MALİ ETKİNLİK ANALİZİ: TÜRKİYE ÖRNEĞİ

Bu çalışmanın amacı Türkiye’deki büyükşehir belediyelerinin mali hizmetlerdeki etkinliklerini belirleyerek performanslarına göre sıralamaktır. Öncelikle 14 büyükşehir belediyesinin mali hizmetlerindeki etkinlikleri üç girdi ve üç çıktı içeren bir VZA (Veri Zarflama Analizi) modeli ile belirlenmiştir. VZA, etkin olmayan karar verme birimlerine ilişkin performans iyileştirme bulguları ortaya koysa da, etkin karar verme birimleri için herhangi bir sıralama sağlayamamaktadır. Bu nedenle, VZA ile mali hizmetlerde etkin olarak belirlenen büyükşehir belediyeleri GİA (Gri İlişkisel Analiz) ile sıralanmışlardır. Böylelikle mali hizmetlerini başarılı bir şekilde yürüten belediyelerin kendi aralarında sıralanması sağlanmıştır. Bunun yanı sıra etkin belediyelerin performanslarına etki eden faktörler de GİA ile belirlenebilmiştir. VZA ve mali hizmetlerinde etkin olan belediyelere (Gaziantep, Erzurum, Eskişehir, Antalya, Samsun, Adana, Ankara veİstanbul BüyükşehirBelediyeleri) uygulanan GİA sonuçlarına göre, İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyesi en yüksek performansa, Anakara Büyükşehir Belediyesi ise en düşük performansa sahip  belediyedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Belediye, Etkinlik, Veri Zarflama Analizi, Gri İlişkisel Analiz.

JEL Sınıflandırması:C44


Anahtar kelimeler


Belediye, Etkinlik, Veri Zarflama Analizi, Gri İlişkisel Analiz

Tam metin:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18092/ijeas.75816

Referanslar


AFONSO, A. and FERNANDES, S. (2008),“Assessing and Explaining the Relative Efficiency of Local Government”,The Journal of Socio-Economics,37(5), 1946–1979.

BALAGUER-COLL T.M., PRIOR, D. and TORTOSA-AUSINA, E. (2007),“On the Determinants of Local Government Performance: ATwo-stage Nonparametric Approach”, European Economic Review, 51(2), 425-451.

BEHDİOĞLU, S. and ÖZCAN, G. (2009),“Veri Zarflama Analizi ile Banka-cılık Sektöründe Bir Uygulama”, Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi İİBF Dergisi, 14(3), 301-326.

BOETTI, L., PIACENZA, M. and TURATI, G. (2009),“Fiscal Decentraliza-tion and Spending Efficiency of Local Governments, An empirical Investigation on a Sample of Italian Municipalities”, Working paper SIEP, UniversitadegliStudi di Pavia.

BOUSSOFIANE, A., DYSON, R.G. and THANASSOULIS, E. (1991),“Applied Data Envelopment Analysis”, European Journal of Operational Research, 52(1), 1-15.

CHARNES, A., COOPER, W. and RHODES, E. (1978),“Measuring the Ef-ficiency of Decision Making Units”, European Journal of Operational Research, 2, 429-444.

ÇAĞLAR, A. (2003),“Veri Zarflama Analizi ile Belediyelerin Etkinlik Öl-çümü”,Unpublished PhD Thesis, Hacettepe University, Institute of Sciences, Anka-ra.

DENG, J. L. (1988), Properties of Relational Space for Grey System, In J. L. Deng (Ed.), Essential topics on grey system theory and applications (pp. 1–13). Bei-jing: China Ocean.

DOĞAN, Ö.N. (2006),“Veri Zarflama Analizi ile Belediyelerde Performans Ölçümü: Kapadokya Bölgesi Örneği”, Unpublished Master’s Thesis, Erciyes Uni-versity, Institute of Social Sciences, Kayseri.

GIORDANO, R. and TOMMASINO, P. (2011),“Public Sector Efficiency and Political Cultur”, Temi di discussion, Working Papers, No. 786.

HSIA, K. H. and WU, J.H. (1997),“A study on the data preprocessing in grey relational analysis”, Journal of Chinese Grey System 1, 47–53.

KALB, A. (2010a),“Public Sector Efficiency: An Application to Local Gov-ernments in Germany”, Wiesbaden: GablerVerlag.

KALB, A., GEYS, B. and HEINEMANN, F. (2012),“Value for Money? German Local Government Efficiency in a Comparative Perspective”, Applied Eco-nomics, 44(2), 201-218.

KARACAER, S. (1998),“Antalya Yöresindeki 4 ve 5 Yıldızlı Otellerde Top-lam Etkinlik Ölçümü: Bir Veri Zarflama Analizi Uygulaması”, Unpublished Mas-ter’s Thesis, Hacettepe University, Institute of Social Sciences, Ankara.

KLOOT, L. (1999),“Performance Measurement and Accountability in Victo-rian Local Government”, The International Journal of Public Sector Management, 12(7), 565-584.

KUOSMANEN, T. (2001) “Modeling Blank Data Entries in Data Envelop-ment Analysis”, Econometrics0210001, Economics Working Paper Archive at WUSTL, İnternet Adresi; http://econwpa.wustl.edu/eprints/em/papers/0210/0210001.abs, Erişim Tarihi: 02.04.2014.

LI, P., TAN, T.C. and LEE, J.Y. (1997),“Grey Relational Analysis of Amine Statistics of Mild Steel Corrosion in Acids”, Corrosion, 53(3), 186–194.

LOIKKANEN, A.H. and SUSILUOTO, I. (2006),“Cost Efficiency of Finnish Municipalities in Basic Service Provision 1994-2002”, Helsinki: HECER Discussion Paper, No 96, 26 p.

NIJKAMP, P. and SUZUKI, S. (2009),“A Generalized Goals-Achievement Model in Data Envelopment Analysis: An Application to Efficiency Improvement in Local Government Finance in Japan”, Spatial economic analysis, 4(3), 249-274.

POISTER H. T. and STREIB, G. (1999),“Performance Measurement in Mu-nicipal Government: Assessing the State of the Practice”, Public Administration Review, 59(4), 325-335.

PRIETO, A.M. and ZOFIO, J.L. (2001),“Evaluating Effectiveness in Public Provision of Infrastructure and Equipment: The Case of Spanish Municipalities”, Journal of Productivity Analysis, 15(1), 41–58.

SOUSA, M. and STOSIC, B. (2005),“Technical Efficiency of the Brazilian Municipalities: Correcting Non-parametric Frontier Measurements for Out-liers”,Journal of Productivity Analysis, 24(2), 157-181.

STORTO, C. (2013),“Evaluating Technical Efficiency of Italian Major Mu-nicipalities: A Data Envelopment Analysis Model”, Procedia - Social and Behavior-al Sciences, 81, 346–350.

WOODBURY, K. and DOLLERY, B. (2004),“Efficiency Measurement in Australian Local Government: The Case of New South Wales Municipal Water Ser-vices”, Review of Policy Research,21(5), 615-636.

WU, C.R., LIN, C.T. and TSAI, P.H. (2010), “Evaluating Business Perfor-mance of Wealth Management Banks”, European Journal of Operational Research, 207(2), 971-979.

YOLALAN, R. (1993),İşletmeler arası göreli etkinlik ölçümü, MPM Press, Ankara




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

______________________________________________________________________________________________

Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi-İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi. Oda No:213 61080 TRABZON
Telephone :04623772908 -0533 231 72 27- 0553 278 49 24 

Fax: 0462 325 72 81    Email :uiiidergisi@gmail.com