2008 RUSYA-GÜRCİSTAN SAVAŞI VE ULUSLARARASI TOPLUM

Süleyman Erkan
2.508 924

Öz


2008 yılında, Rusya ile Gürcistan arasında çıkan savaş bütün dünyada büyük bir kaygı yarattı. Uluslararası Toplum Rusya’nın Gürcistan’a askeri bir müdahale seçeneğine ihtimal vermediğinden kriz karşısında izlenecek politikalar konusunda hazırlıksız yakalandı. Birleşmiş Milletler Güvenlik Konseyi, Rusya’nın veto kartı nedeniyle, birçok olayda olduğu gibi bu çatışmada da bir önleyici karar alamadı. Savaş karşısında Amerika Birleşik Devletleri ve NATO, bir takım ortaklık ilişkilerine sahip olmalarına rağmen, Gürcistan’ı askeri bakımdan Rusya’ya karşı koruyacak yasal bir mekanizmaya sahip değildiler. Avrupa Birliği savaş sırasında en önemli aktör olarak ortaya çıkmışsa da, özellikle Almanya, Fransa, İtalya ve İspanya gibi önde gelen Birlik Üyelerinin Rusya ile önemli ekonomik ilişkilere sahip olmaları bu ülkeye karşı sert önlemler alınmasını engelledi. Uluslararası toplumun zayıf reaksiyonu Rusya’yı daha da cesaretlendirdi ve Gürcistan’dan sonra NATO’ya üye olmaya çalışan Ukrayna’da da karışıklıkları teşvik eden ve yönlendiren aktör haline getirdi.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18092/ijeas.48565

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