KAMU POLİTİKALARININ YAYILIMI: KURAMSAL BİR İNCELEME

Cüneyt GÜRER, Arif AKGÜL, Hamza TOSUN
1.578 900

Öz


Kamu politikalarının oluşumunda en önemli etkenlerden birisi politikaların yayılımı (difüzyon) sürecidir. Politika yayılımı devletler arasında doğrudan formel yapıların etkileşimiyle olduğu gibi, uluslararası kuruluşların etkisi ve literatürde epistemik topluluklar olarak da adlandırılan resmi olmayan uzman toplulukların aracılığıyla da olabilmektedir. Yayılım süreci yalnızca devletlerarasında veya uluslararası sistem düzeyinde gerçekleşmez. Politikalar, aynı devlet içerisinde farklı kurumsal yapılar arasında çaprazlama şekilde veya aynı kurum içerisinde dikey şekilde de yayılım göstermektedir. Bu çalışma kamu politikalarının küresel yayılımı ve yerel politikaların oluşumundaki etkisini incelemektedir. İnceleme aynı zamanda uluslararası kuruluşlar aracılığıyla meydana gelen dikey, uzmanlar aracılığıyla oluşan yatay yayılım sürecinin politika oluşumuna etkisini analiz etmektedir. Ayrıca, politika yayılımı ile kamu politika analizi ilişkilendirilerek, yayılımın politika analizine olan katkısı incelenmektedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Kamu Politikası, Politika Yayılımı, Kamu Politika Analizi

JEL Sınıflandırması: D73, F42, H73

 

DIFFUSION OF PUBLIC POLICIES: A THEORETICAL OVERVIEW

ABSTRACT

Policy diffusion process has a significant impact on public policy making. Policy diffusion occurs with the interaction of formal entities of countries, with the effect of International Organizations and epistemic communities. Policy diffusion processes take place not only among states and international level but also among different institutions in a state both vertically and horizontally. This study examines the public policy diffusion processes at the global level and their impact on policy making process. The study also demonstrates the vertical diffusion process between international organizations and states and horizontal diffusion process which occurs amongst epistemic communities and international experts. In addition, the nexus between policy diffusion and policy analysis is examined.

Keywords: Public Policy, Policy Diffusion, Public Policy Analysis

JEL Classification: D73 F42 H73


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18092/ijeas.12129

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