THE EFFECTS OF 12 WEEKS EXERCISE PROGRAM ON THE LEVEL OF GROSS MOTOR SKILL OF THE CHILDREN WITH ATYPICAL AUTISM

Ersin Arslan, Gonca İnce
5.155 1.431

Abstract


Aim: This study was conducted to determine the effects of the 12- weeks-exercise program on the level of grossmotor skills of children with Atypical Autism.

Material and Method: 14 male children, who were diagnosed with Atypical Autism, were recruitted for the study (Mean Age was 10.07±0.25 years, weight 24.97±0.64kg, length was126.79±1.33cm). They were divided into two groups. 1st group was defined as Autistic Exercise Group (AEG, n= 7), 2nd group was defined as Autistic Control Group (ACG, n=7). In this study, the tests related with running speed and fleetness, balance, bilateral coordination and strength of the parameters of Bruininks-Oseretsky Rough Motor Sufficiency Test (BOT2) were applied. Exercise program was applied to the children in exercise group for 12 weeks’ period, 60 minutes each day and three days a week, conducting a teaching technique based on reduction of the clues gradually. Data were analyzed by Paired Sample Wilcoxon test and Mann-Whitney U test was used. The significance level of p <0.05 was selected.

Results: As a result of statistical comparison of the data of pre and final tests of gross motor skills of the exercise group (BOT2); running speed and fleetness (p=0.017), balance I (p=0.023), balance II (p=0.014), long jumping by standing  (p=0.016) tests, it was seen that there is a significant difference in favor of the last test statistically. A significant difference was not seen between the data of pre and final tests of Bilateral coordination (p>0.05). Besides, no difference was seen at the statistical comparison of the data of pre and final tests for the control group (p>0.05).

Conclusion: In conclusion it can be emphasized that exercises, which are done regularly, can have important contributions on the developments of parameters of rough motor skills of children with Atypical Autistism

Keywords


Autism; BOT2; Exercise;

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18826/ijsets.66769

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