INVESTIGATION THE EXERCISE DEPENDENCE SYMPTOMPS AMONG DANCERS
Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the exercise addiction symptoms among dancers.
Material and Methods: Totally 99 dancers (48 female and 51 male) minimum 2 years licensed in dance (Folk dance, Modern dance, Latin dance) participated in to the study voluntary. Demographic survey and Exercise Dependence Scale-21 which was developed by Hausenblas HA. and Downs DS. (2002) and adapted in to Turkish by Yeltepe H. and Ikizler H.C. (2007) used to collect data. Kruskal-Wallis test in SPSS was used to analyze data.
Results: Analysis showed that %20.4 of participants was asymptomatic, %69.4 of was symptomatic and %10.2 was exercise addiction. Besides it is found that dancers had University level education majority (%80.6). Symptomatic (%48.1) and addicts (%8.1) were Folk dancers mostly. Symptomatic had statistically higher exercise age than asymptomatic and addicts had statistically higher daily exercise duration than the others were found.Conclusion: According to findings It is possible to say that; the high frequency of daily exercise and the high exercise age can be effective to appear the exercise dependence among dancers.
Full Text:PDF (Türkçe)
Adams, J., Kirkby, R.J. (2002). Excessive Exercise as an Addiction: A Review. Addiction Research and Theory,10: 415-437.
Adams, J.M.M. (2001). Examining Exercise Dependence: The Development, Validation and Administration of The Exercise Behavior Survey With Runners, Walkers, Swimmers and Cyclists. Master Thesis, Kentucky.
Bavlı, Ö., Kozanoğlu, M., Doğanay, A. (2011) Düzenli Egzersize Katılımın Egzersiz Bağımlılığı Üzerine Etkisi, Selçuk Üniversitesi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilim Dergisi,13(2): 150–153
Berczik, K., Szabó, A., Griffiths, M.D., Kurimay, T., Kun, B., Urbán, R. & Demetrovics, Z. (2012). Exercise addiction: Symptoms, diagnosis, epidemiology, and etiology. Substance Use & Misuse, 47, 403–417.
Cook, C.A. (1996). The psychological correlates of exercise dependence in aerobics instructors. Unpublished master’s thesis, University of Alberta, Alberta, Canada.
Costa, S., Cuzzocrea, F., Hausenblas, H.A., Larcan, R. & Oliva, P. (2012). Psychometric examination and factorial validity of the Exercise Dependence Scale-Revised in Italian exercisers. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 1, 186–190.
Glasser W. (1976). Positive Addiction. New York: Harper and Row Publisher.
Hausenblas, H.A., Downs, D.S. (2002). Exercise Dependence: A Systematic Review. Psychology Sport and Exercise, 3: 89-123.
Lejoyeux, M., Avril, M., Richoux. C., Embouazza, H., Nivoli, F. (2008) Prevalence of exercise dependence and other behavioral addictions among clients of a parisian fitness room. Compr Psychiatry, 49:353-358.
Mónok, K., Berczik, K., Urbán, R., Szabó A., Griffiths, M. D., Farkas, J., Magi, A., Eisinger, A., Kurimay, T., Kökönyei, G., Kun, B., Paksi, B. & Demetrovics, Z. (2012). Psychometric properties and concurrent validity of two exercise addiction measures: A population wide study in Hungary. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 13, 739–746.
Pierce, E.F., Eastman, N.W., Tripathi, H.L., Olson, K.G., Dewey, W.L. (1993). B-endorphin response to endurance exercise: Relationship to exercise dependence. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 77, 767–770
Pierce EF, Daleng ML, McGowan RW, (1993), Scores on exercise dependence among dancers, Perceptual and Motor Skills. 76(2):531-535.
Pierce EF, Daleng ML, (2002), Exercise Dependence in Elite Female Dancers, Journal of Dance Medicine & Science, 4-6
Vardar, E., Vardar SA, Toksöz İ, Süt N.,(2012). Egzersiz bağımlılığı ve psikopatolojik özelliklerinin değerlendirilmesi. Düşünen Adam Psikiyatri ve Nörolojik Bilimler Dergisi. 25:51-57
Villella, C., Martinotti, G., Di Nicola, M., Cassano, M., La Torre, G., Gliubizzi, M. D., Messeri, I., Petruccelli, F., Bria, P., Janiri, L. & Conte, G. (2011). Behavioural addictions in adolescents and young adults: Results from a prevalence study. Journal of Gambling Studies, 27, 203–214
Yeltepe, H., İkizler, C. (2007), Egzersiz Bağımlılığı Ölçeği – 21’in Türkçe Geçerlilik ve Güvenilirlik Çalışması, Bağımlılık Dergisi, 8: 1:29-35
Zmijewski, C.F., Howard, M.O. (2000). Exercise Dependence and Attitudes Toward Eating Among Young Adults. Eating Behaviors, 4: 181-195.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.