THE EFFECTIVE OF PREVENTIVE TRAINING PROGRAMME ON THE INCIDENCE OF ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT INJURIES IN FEMALE SOCCER PLAYERS
Aim: The aim of this study was to prevent non-contact Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injuries that occur more frequently because of anatomic, hormonal and muscular differences in female athletes, with a training programme including neuromuscular, proprioceptive and flexilibity training drills and seeing the changes on physical and physiological parameters on female athletes.
Material and Methods: Our study consists of 76 female soccer players (Experimental Group (EG): 20, age:17.2±3.38years and Control Group (CG): 56, age:17.5±3.14years) whom participated in Turkish Female Soccer 1. League. EG were given a training programme for six weeks, three days a week, nearly 30 minutes. Retrospective questionnaire that enclosed six months was applied to both EG and CG. For the assesment of physical and physological affects of training programme; leg strength, speed, vertical jump, aerobic and anaerobic capacity, balance, flexibility, height, weight and skinfold thickness were measured.
Results: As a result of statistical analysises there wasn’t seen any significant difference on the incidence of ACL injury between EG and CG (p>0.05). A significant difference was detected on vertical jump, aerobic-anaerobic power, balance, leg strength and body fat percentage at the level of (p<0.01), speed and flexibility at the level of p<0.05.Conclusion: After six-week recovery training program there was’t not seen any ACL injury until the end of the season. Furthermore, we observed significant differences after evaulation of biomotor properties of female athletes. We suggest that this kind of researchs must be made perennial with the participation of more athletes with multidisipliner workship.
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