YABANCI DOĞRUDAN YATIRIMLARIN VERİMLİLİK ETKİSİ: TÜRKİYE, ÇİN VE HİNDİSTAN ÖRNEKLEMİNDE KARŞILAŞTIRMALI ÇOKLU YAPISAL KIRILMALI EŞBÜTÜNLEŞME ANALİZİ

İsmet Göçer, Osman Peker
585 347

Öz


Bu çalışmada, Yabancı Doğrudan Yatırımların (YDY), ülkelerin Toplam Faktör Verimlilikleri (TFV) üzerindeki etkileri, Türkiye, Çin ve Hindistan için, Carrion-i-Silvestre vd. (2009) çoklu yapısal kırılmalı birim kök testi, Maki (2012) çoklu yapısal kırılmalı eşbütünleşme testi ve dinamik en küçük kareler yöntemi yardımıyla, 1980-2011 dönemi verileriyle analiz edilmiştir. Ampirik bulgulara göre; serilerin düzey değerlerinde durağan olmadığı ve seriler arasında eşbütünleşme ilişkisinin varolduğu görülmüştür. Uzun dönem analizi sonucunda; YDY’deki %10’luk artışın TFV’yi Türkiye’de % 0,3; Çin’de % 0,4 ve Hindistan’da % 0,2 oranında arttırdığı tespit edilmiştir. 


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